The flat area called Hortobágy, the largest contiguous alkali grassland in Europe, is situated between the edge of the region called Hajdúság and the river Tisza. In order to protect its natural resources as well as its flora and fauna, it was designated as a national park on January 1, 1973.
In addition, the United Nations Organization declared Hortobágyi Nemzeti Park [Hortobágy National Park] a bio-sphere reservation in 1979. The marshes and fishponds located in the national park are nesting spots and stations of migration for birds of passage traveling across Europe. One of the facts supporting the above statement is that there have been as many as 342 different bird species identified here, 152 of which also nest in the area of the national park.
Apart from the bird species nesting and migrating around the park, you can also check out the local breeds of Racka sheep, Hungarian grey cattle, the indigenous Mangalica swine, and a stud farm of Nonius horses. For a more profound knowledge of the flora and fauna of Hortobágyi Nemzeti Park, you can study any of the four exhibition areas or take a number of different guided tours or study trails.